Dating from the Archaic Greek period, these Kouroi statues, assumed to be Kleobis and Biton, were created circa 580 BC, embodying the distinctive stylistic characteristics of the era. The Naxian marble sculptures each stand over 2 meters tall, reflective of their intended symbolic impact and the individuals they depict.

The term 'Kouroi' is generally used to describe nude male youth statues typical of the period, characterized by the posture of slightly forward-leaning stance, clenched fists and partially shifted hips. These statues bear those common traits, marking them as iconic representations of their era. They also demonstrate the stylistic simplicity and emphasized musculature popular in the period's sculpture.

These statues are presumed to represent Kleobis and Biton, brothers from Argos, whose legends involve their extraordinary piety and strength in service of their mother during a temple festival. Their reward of a peaceful death in sleep, according to the story, underlines the high esteem placed on honoring one's responsibilities and having a tranquil death. The faces of the statues, bearing the so-called Archaic smile, could be seen as reflecting the peace and honor they obtained through their deeds.

The evidence of delicate chiseling is visible in their hairstyling details, which are presented in symmetrical and bead-like patterns. Their anatomy and detailing, including precisely carved curls and muscles, underscore the level of craftsmanship invested in their creation.

Archaeological Museum of Delphi
Delphi, Sacred Way